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Rabam Chaya Ratchaburi (Chaya Ratchaburi Dance)


Assistant Professor Arporn Sunthornwat (Initiator)

          Chaya Ratchaburi is a dance with archaeological characteristics. This dance has been recently developed from Ratchaburi archaeological information and used as ideas and imagination. The dance reflects arts and culture during the sixteenth to eighteenth Buddhist era. Which was the period of ancient Cambodian arts and culture spreading into the area where Ratchaburi Province is located. The Cambodian arts in Nakorn Wat period which was in the same time as ancient Cambodian arts and culture is also taken into the guideline to create the dance. Most of the information is from Ratchaburi Books printed by the Arts Department when the Royal Princess Sirithorn came for the opening ceremony of Ratchaburi National Museum on October 14, 1991. It was said that the area where Ratchaburi is located used to be the location of Chaya Ratchaburi which is the name of this creative dance.

   

Song Used in the Dance

          The old song which ancient Thai Music teacher composed by selecting the songs with Cambodian melody and accent. The songs were lively and the dance movement appropriate with arts of dancing designed by the songs : Khamen Bhothisat, Khamen Lueng and Khamen Chomdong

Objective of Dancing Initiation

          The Office of Arts and Culture was assigned by Muban Chom Bueng Rajabhat University to create different dancer to perform in various occasions each year. Accordingly, it is necessary to initiate new dances with the following objectives :

1. To create Muban Chom Bueng University and Ratchaburi dances
2. To present dramatic arts as the identity of the University and Ratchaburi province
3. To encourage the audience to be proud, love, and reserve arts and culture, the rational treasure
4. To appreciate and realize the values of Thai drama by the audience
5. To perform in different occasions in Muban Chom Bueng Rajabhat University and Ratchaburi.

Dancing Movement

          The dancing movement and costumes for Chaya Ratchaburi dance developed from the imagination studied from the picture archaeological object with arts in Chaya Ratchaburi found in Ratchaburi and in Nakorn wat (about the 16-18 Buddhist era). The model was the combination between Dvaravati and Cambodian arts. The dance initiator used the Dvaravati arts to create dancing movements based on the studied pictures as follows : - - - - -

- The picture of Buddha Image standing and giving dhama found in the area of Muang in Ratchaburi province.
- The picture of Buddha Image shown at the museum in Panompen.
- The picture of goddess from Koke Bho Castle shown in the museum in Panompen.
- The picture of Buddha Image in meditation at Mahathart Temple, Ratchaburi province.
- The picture of Ishvara Image with Hey Watchara Style found at SraKratiam Temple Ban Pong, Ratchaburi province.
- The picture of sculpture found inside the historical site in Lopburi. The art is in the same periodiod of Chaya Ratchaburi.

Examples of the camparison between picture and dancing style



The picture of Buddha Image in standing comparing to dancing style in Chaya Ratchaburi found in Muang, Ratchaburi province.

The picture of Bodhisattva Awalokitesuan
found at Ban Nong Kesorn Ratchaburi province
The comparison of dancing style in Chaya Ratchaburi


The picture of Ishvara Image in Hey Watchara
found at Sra Kralhiam Temple, Ban Pong, Ratchaburi province
The comparison of dancing style
in Chaya Ratchaburi





Translated by Dr.Kongkarn Wisedsook
A Qualified Committee The Office of Arts and Culture
Muban Chom Bueng University

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